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Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam

 

NOTE:  If you have accessed this page via web search, it is an incomplete draft of research still in progress and is subject to much revision.  It cannot be accessed from our website, but web search engines are unable to distinguish between "published" pages and those "off-site" notes stored by the site author for possible future use.
                            PEDIGREE OF THE ROYAL FAMILY OF POWYS
                                        By Darrell Wolcott
 
GENERATION 1:
 
1.  Beli Mawr, born c. 130 BC
     His birth name is unknown as he is always referred to by the name of the Celtic god "Beli", pronounced BAY-lee.  Certain old pedigrees notwithstanding, he did not marry a lady related to the Virgin Mary.  He resided in the Thames valley somewhat north of where London was later built and was king of the Catuvellauni tribe of Celts.  While Geoffrey of Monmouth called him "Heli" and gave him an ancestry back to the mythical Trojan man, Brutus, we consider that list of names mostly inventions by Geoffrey.  However, the Nennius pedigree which traces Beli Mawr to a "Brutus ap Hessitio" born c. 835BC might be chronologically possible.  His obit is not recorded, but Beli Mawr (the great) was dead before Julius Caesar came to Britain in 54 BC.  He had 2 sons:
 
         2.  Affleth (Lludd) ap Beli
         3.  Caswallon ap Beli
 
Harl. 3859, 1; Jesus Coll. 20, 5 & 6 cite "Amalech ap Beli" or "Aphlech ap Beli" while ABT 1a & c spell his name "Aflech".  ABT 27 spells it "Afflath". ABT 1b and TyP 37 cite "Lludd ap Beli" which we think is the standard spelling adopted by historians.
 
Brut y Brenhinedd, IV, 3 cites "Caswallon ap Beli" while Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain says Caswallon and Lludd were brothers, sons of Heli.
 
Harl. 3859, 1 and some later sources add that the wife of Beli was Anna, a cousin on her mother's side of Virgin Mary.  While chronologically impossible, such a relationship may have been believed by the 10th century Welsh.  Beli was born at least 100 years before the era of Mary
 
GENERATION 2:
 
2.  Affleth, also called Lludd, born c. 100 BC
     Pronounced "luth" or "af-luth", he may or may not have been the eponym of London as some claim.  He became king after the death of his father but died himself near 60 BC.   Lludd has 2 sons:
 
           4.  Tecfan (Tasciovanus) ap Lludd
           5.  Afallach ap Lludd
 
Mostyn Ms 117, 3 cites "Tenewan ap Llud ap Beli mawr".  Geoffrey of Monmouth calls him Tenuantius ap Lud.  Early coinage identify a 1st-century BC king in Britain called Tasciovanus, the Latin version of Tecfan.
 
The authorities cited above for Afflleth call him the father of Aballac or Auallach
 
3.  Caswallon ap Beli Mawr, born c. 95 BC
     He became king of his tribe at the death of his elder brother because the sons of Lludd were not yet old enough to succeed their father.  Called Cassivellaunus by the Romans, he led the successful opposition to the invasions of Julius Caesar in 55 and 54 BC.  He had no known children.
 
TyP 71 calls Caswallon ap Beli one of the Three Lovers of Britain for his love of Fflur ferch Ugnach the dwarf. 
 
Julius Caesar, in his history "The Battle for Gaul", names Cassivellaunus as the British commander-in-chief whom he faced in 54 BC, but named no opponent during his first landing in 55 BC
 
GENERATION 3:
 
4.  Tecfan ap Lludd, also called Tasciovanus, born c. 70 BC.
     Not yet old enough for kingship in 55 BC, he served under his uncle in the wars with Caesar.  When he reached full adulthood, he was elected king of the Catuvellauni.  Tecfan was father to Cynfelyn (Cunobelinus) and died c. 5 AD.  We continue our pedigree with his younger brother:
 
This senior branch of the family is better known to history, but became extinct in the male line a few generations after Caradog (Caraticus) ap Cunobelinus was defeated by Emperor Claudius in 43 AD
 
5.  Afallach ap Lludd ap Beli Mawr, born c. 68 BC
     As younger brothers of Celt kings often did, he relocated away from his paternal lands, probably by marrying a princess from a neighboring tribe.  It isn't known exactly where his descendants lived until we reach the end of the 4th century.  He had 2 sons:
 
          6.  Owain ap Afallach
          7.  Enddolen ap Afallach
 
It is unclear if Affalach is the same man called Afarwy and Mandubracius by early historians; identified as a son of Lludd and brother of Tasciovanus, some say he had relocated to Kent and opposed Cassivellaunus in his war with Julius Caesar.
 
 
GENERATION 4:
 
6.  Owain ap Afallach ap Lludd, born c. 40 BC
     He was the father of Bryddgwyn and ancestor of the famed Cunedda of the 5th century; our pedigree continues with his brother:
 
Harl. 3859, 1; Jesus Coll. 20, 6; ABT 20 cite (with various spellings of the names) "Ewein ap Afallach ap Afflath".  With variations, those sources cite "Cunedda ap Edern ap Padern beisrudd ap Tegid ap Iago ap Gwyndog ap Cein ap Doli ap Dwfyn ap Amgolydd ap Anwerydd ap Onwedd ap Dubin ap Byrddgwyn ap Owain" which, with standard generational gaps, point to the birth of Cunedda c. 385.
 
7.  Enddolen ap Afallach ap Lludd, born c. 35 BC
     Nothing is known of this man other than his name.  He was the father of:
 
         8.  Endos ap Enddolen ap Afallach
 
Jesus Coll, 20, 5; ABT 9 cite "Enddolen ap Afallach ap Affleth" with spelling variations. 
 
GENERATION 5:
 
8.  Endos ap Endollen ap Afallach, born c. 5 BC
     This man is known only as the father of:
 
         9. Eneid ap Endos ap Endollen
 
The same sources cited for Endollen cite "Endos ap Endollen ap Afallach"
 
GENERATION 6:
 
9.  Eneid ap Endos ap Endollen, born c. 25 AD
     This man is known only as the father of:
 
        10.  Endeyrn ap Edeid ap Endos
 
The same sources cited for Endos cite "Eneid ap Endos ap Endollen"
 
GENERATION 7:
 
10.  Endeyrn ap Eneid ap Endos, born c. 60 AD
     This man is known only as the father of:
 
         11.  Endigant ap Endeyrn ap Eneid
 
The same sources cited for Eneid cite "Endeyrn ap Eneid ap Endos"
 
GENERATION 8:
 
11.  Endigant ap Endeyrn ap Eneid, born c. 90 AD
      His marriage is unknown, but he had two sons:
 
         12.  Rydeyrn ap Endigant
         13.  Deheuwaint ap Endigant
 
Harl, 3859, 10 cites "Ritigirn ap Oudecant ap Outigirn", spelling variations which substitute "u" for "n" in Endigant and Endeyrn.  The suffix "deyrn" is often spelled as "tigern" (as in the Vortigern spelling of Gwrtheyrn)
 
Buchedd Beuno and ABT 9 cite "Deheuwaint ap Endigant ap Endeyrn"
 
GENERATION 9:
 
12.  Rydeyrn ap Endigant ap Endeyrn, born c. 120
      He was father to Rhifedel and the ancestor of the 4th century Coel Hen, yet celebrated as "Old King Cole".  Our pedigree follows his younger brother:
 
ABT 1c cites "Rhifedel ap Rydeyrn ap Endigant" as ancestor of "Coel godebawg ap Tecfan ap Deheuwaint  ap Telpwll ap Urban ap Gradd ap Rhifedel".  Many sources equate Coel "guotepauc" with Coel "hen".
 
13.  Deheuwaint ap Endigant ap Endeyrn, born c. 125
      This man is known only as the father of:
 
       14.  Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint ap Edigant
 
Buchedd Beuno and ABT 9b cite "Deheuwaint ap Endigant ap Endeyrn"
 
GENERATION 10:
 
14.  Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint ap Endigant, born c. 155
      He is known only as the father of:
 
        15.  Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint
 
Buchedd Beuno and ABT 9b cite "Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint ap Endigant", but calls him Gwrtheyrn Gwrtheneu...a nickname thought to belong to the later Gwrtheyrn called Vortigern
 
GENERATION 11:
 
15.  Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint, born c. 185
      Sometimes confused with Gwrtheyrn ap Gwydol (the man historians call Vortigern), he lived much earlier, but he (like Vortigern) had a son named:
 
       16.  Cadeyrn ap Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn
 
Buchedd Beuno and ABT 9b cite "Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn ap Deheuwaint" as the father of Cadeyrn
 
GENERATION 12:
 
16.  Cadeyrn ap Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn, born c. 220
       He is known only as the father of:
 
       17.  Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn ap Gwrtheyrn
 
ABT 6k, 9b & 20; and HLG 2f cite "Cadeyrn ap Gwrtheyrn ap Rydeyrn" as the father of Rhuddfedel Frych
 
GENERATION 13:
 
17.  Rhuddfedel Frych (the freckled) ap Caderyn ap Gwrtheyrn, born c. 250
      He, his father, his son and his grandson are often incorrectly called sons of Vortigern, a man born over 100 years later.  Vortigern did have sons named Cadeyrn, Brydw and Pasgen. Rhuddfedel's son's were:
 
       18.  Brydw ap Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn
             Gloyw Gwallt Hir ap Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn, born c. 280.  He was the ancestor of the man called Vortigern.  We continue with his brother.
 
ABT 6k, 9b & 20; HLG 2f cite "Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn" as the father of Brydw
 
Nennius 49 and JC Ms 20, 15 cite Gloyw as the great-grandfather of Gwrtheyrn Gwrtheneu (Vortigern) but no ancient sources mention the ancestry of Gloyw.  It is our belief he was a son of Rhuddfedel Frych because (1) the only other time the male name "Gwrtheyrn" occurs is in this family, and (2) Vortigern is associated with lands around Hereford and Gloucester called Powys, and (3) from the known floruit of Vortigern, his great-grandfather would be born c. 280
 
GENERATION 14:
 
18.  Brydw ap Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn, born c. 285
      The Welsh version of Brutus, his name is pronounced BRI-tu. He had a son:
 
       19.  Pasgen ap Brydw ap Rhuddfedel Frych
ABT 6k, 9b & 20; HLG 2f cite "Brydw ap Rhuddfedel Frych ap Cadeyrn" as the father of Pasgen
 
GENERATION 15:
 
19.  Pasgen ap Brydw ap Rhuddfedel Frych, born c. 315
      He was the father of:
 
       20.  Cadeyrn ap Pasgen ap Brydw
 
The citations for Pasgen ap Brydw given above say he was father to Cadell Ddyrnllwg, but JC Ms 20, 16 & 18 say the name of Cadell's father was Cadeyrn.  The timeline confirms that Cadeyrn ap Pasgen was incorrectly omitted in the ABT 6k, 9b & 20 citations.
 
GENERATION 16:
 
20.  Cadeyrn ap Pasgen ap Brydw, born c. 350
      This father, son and grandfather all bear the same name as known sons of Vortigern and many historians thought the pedigree erred in not making them brothers.  But all lived earlier than Vortigern and resided considerably north of the lands held by that man.  This man was the head of his tribe when the Romans left Britain. The son of Cadeyrn was:
 
        21.  Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn ap Brydw
 
JC Ms 20, 16 & 18 cite "Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn" but then skip several generations back to Gwrtheyrn.  ABT 6k, 9b & 20 include most of these intervening generations, omitting only Cadeyrn as the father of Cadell and son of Brydw
 
GENERATION 17:
 
21.  Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn ap Pasgen, born c. 380
      This man ruled a tribe whose lands comprised the present Cheshire and the part of Shropshire north of the Severn.  He is mentioned in the 9th century Historia Brittonum attributed to Ninnius, who gives a mythical account of how Cadell expelled the Irish who had occupied lands north of the Dee just west of Cadell's lands.  In his era, his kingdom was called Ddyrnllwg but later renamed Powys.  Cadell was contemporary with Vortigern and a member of his ruling council.  He had 3 sons:
 
         22.  Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
         23.  Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
         24.  Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
 
ByS 30 & 31 cite Tegid as a son of Cadell Ddyrnllwg
 
JC Ms 20, 16 cites Brydw as a son of Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn
 
JC Ms 20, 18 cites Pasgen as a son of Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn
 
GENERATION 18:
 
22.  Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 415
       His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
          25.  Gwynlliw ap Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
 
Buchedd Beuno cites "Gwynlliw ap Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg"
 
23.  Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 415
      His wife is unknown, but he had a son and a daughter:
 
         26.  Camuir ap Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
               Thewer ferch Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 450.  She married Cassanauth (or Casnar) Wledig (c. 440) of Powys about the year 465 in a double wedding which united Ddyrnllwg with Powys.  Her first cousin, Maun ap Pasgen (#27 below), married a princess of that same Powys family.
 
Harl. 3859, 23 cites "Camuir ap Brydw" but reverses Cadell and his father, Cadeyrn.
 
JC Ms 20, 16 cites "the wife of Cassanauth Wledig was Thewer ferch Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg ap Cadeyrn"
 
24.  Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 410
      The oldest of three brothers, he followed Cadell as king of his tribe.  His name is sometimes spelled Pascent.  He is primarily known as the father of:
 
         27.  Maun ap Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg
               Cadell ap Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 445.  This grandson of Cadell Ddyrnllwg might have been the son of one of Pasgen's brothers, but appears to be the father of:
                    Iddig ap Cadell, born c. 475, whose son:
                         Aloac ap Iddig ap Cadell, born c. 505, was the father of:
                              Caradog ap Aloac ap Iddig, born c. 535.  He is the man mentioned in Buchedd Beuno as "sprung from noble stock" who "beheaded" Saint Wenefred for spurning his advances.  This permitted St Beuno to revive her in one of the shoddy miracles found in all "Lives of Saints". 
 
Harl. 3859, 22 & 27 cite "Maucan ap Pasgen" then reverse Cadell Ddyrnllwg and his father, Cadeyrn.  The Pillar of Eliseg mentions "Maun" with Pasgen, a spelling we favor.
 
Vita St. Wenefred cites "Caradog ap Aloac" while ABT 21 continues "Aloac ap Iddig ap Cadell".  The timeline places this Cadell in the generation of grandsons of Cadell Ddyrnllwg; we suggest he was a son of Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg.
 
GENERATION 19:
 
25.  Gwynlliw ap Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 445
       Often confused with the Gwynlliw who was grandfather of St Cadoc (and a family of Gwent in south Wales), this man had two sons:
 
         28.  Bugi ap Gwynlliw ap Tegid
               St Cynfyw ap Gwynlliw ap Tegid, born c. 475.  Some pedigrees incorrectly call him a brother of St. Cadoc ap Gwynllwg ap Glywys ap Solor Filwr of Gwent, a man who lived a full generation later and from a wholly different family.
 
Buchedd Beuno cites "Bugi ap Gwynlliw ap Tegid ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg"
 
ByS 31 cites "St Cynfyw ap Gwynlliw (ap Glywys) ap Tegid ap Cadell", mistaking this Gwynlliw for "Gwynlliw ap Glywys ap Filor" found in the pedigrees of St. Cadog.
 
 
26.  Camuir ap Brydw ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 445
       Nothing is known of this junior branch of Cadell's family save the names of the men.  Camuir was the father of:
          
           Millo ap Camuir ap Brydw, born c. 475, was the father of:
                Cynan ap Millo ap Camuir, born c. 510, the father of:
                      Elbodgu ap Cynan ap Millo, born c. 540, the father of:
                           Gwrhaern ap Elbodgu ap Cynan, born c. 570, the father of:
                                 Hessels ap Gwrhearn ap Elbodgu, born c. 600
 
Harl. 3859, 23 cites "Hessels ap Gwthearn ap Elbodgu ap Cynan ap Millo ap Camuir ap Brydw" but continues "ap Cadeyrn ap Cadell", reversing this father and son pairing.
 
27.  Maun ap Pasgen ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg, born c. 440. 
      As a young prince about the year 465, he married Annan (c. 450) ferch Brydw (c. 415) ap Gwrtheyrn (Vortigern) in the double wedding which united Powys and Ddyrnllwg.  This union appears to have been mentioned on the early 9th century Pillar of Eliseg in the line "Concenn, Pascent, Maun, Annan + Britu filius Guarthi".  Thought to be a recitation of the founders of the kingdom of Powys, the consecutive names are the son, father and wife of Maun, followed by the ancestry of Annan ferch Brydw.  After the two tribes merged, the royal manor was established on the Severn River near Shrewsbury.  Their son was:
 
         29.  Cyngen Glodrydd ap Maun ap Pasgen
 
Harl. 3859, 22 & 27 cite "Cyngen ap Maucan ap Pasgen", but continue by reversing the names Cadell and Cyndeyrn" 
 
The Pillar of Eliseg suggests the marriage of Maun with Annan ferch Brydw ap Gwrtheyrn, but the inscription is not totally clear as to its meaning
 
GENERATION 20:
 
28.  Bugi ap Gwyynlliw ap Tegid, born c. 480
      He married Pherferen (c. 495) ferch Llawdden Llyddog, a sister of Denyw who was the mother of St. Kentigern.  Bugi had a son and a daughter:
 
             Saint Beuno of Holywell, born c. 515.  He is the first saint of that name and the one whose acolyte was St. Wenefred, his niece.
             Gwenlo ferch Bugi, born c. 520.  She married Tyfid ap Eiludd and was the mother of Saint Wenefred, born c. 540.  A legend recited in Pen. 131, 288 claims St. Wenefred had a brother named Owain Pennyferw, but her Vita says she was an only child.
 
Buchedd Beuno cites "the wife of Bugi ap Gwynlliw ap Tegid" was "Beren ferch Llawdden"
 
ByS 30 cites "the mother of Beuno ap Bugi ap Gwynlliw was Pherferen ferch Llawdden Llyddog"
 
Buchedd Bueno cites "Tyfid ap Eiludd" as father of St. Wenefred, while AchS 27 cites "Gwenlo ferch Bugi" as her mother.  Accordingly, St. Beuno was the uncle of St. Wenefred
 
29.  Cyngen Glodrydd ap Maun ap Pasgen, born c. 475
       His name is pronounced CON-ken and sometimes spelled Concenn.  He became king of Powys and was virtually the same age as the legendary King Arthur; it is likely his warband often fought alongside Arthur during the wars against the Saxons.  It is not known why he was nicknamed "illustrous". He married Tudglid (c. 490) ferch Brychan II (c. 460) and they had 5 sons and a daughter:
 
          30.  Brochwel Ysgithrog ap Cyngen Glodrydd
          31.  Maun ap Cyngen Glodrydd
          32.  Meig Myngfras ap Cyngen Glodrydd
                Ieuab ap Cyngen Glodrydd, born c. 510
                Meig ap Cyngen Glodrydd, born c. 515
                Sanant ferch Cyngen Glodrydd, born c. 505.  She married, as his second and much younger wife, Maelgwn Hir (tall) of Gwynedd (c. 485), son of Cadwallon Lawhir (long arm) (c. 450) ap Einion Urdd (c. 415) ap Cunedda. 
 
De Situ Brecheniauc cites "Tudglid ferch Brychan was the wife of Cyngen and mother of Cadell, Brochwel Ysgithrog, Ieuab, Meig and Sanant, who married Maelgwn"
 
ByS 38 cites "Maun ap Cyngen" but omits 2 generations to add "ap Cadell Ddyrnllwg"
 
 
GENERATION 21: 
 
30.  Brochwel Ysgithrog ap Cyngen Glodrydd, born c. 510. 
      His nickname means "tusked" and one may assume his molars were longer than normal. He is NOT the Brochwel who led a group of monks in prayer at the battle of Bangor Orchard, if we assume that was also the 616 Battle of Chester.  He married Arddun (c. 520)ferch Pabo Post Prydain (the pillar of Britain) (c. 480) ap Athrwys (c. 450) descended from Coel Hen.  He succeeded to the kingship of Powys c. 540 after his father's death.  A full generation younger than the legendary King Arthur, he might have been present at Camlann when Arthur fell.  He had 4 known sons:
 
           33.  Iago ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
           34.  St Tyssilio ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
           35.  Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
                  Maun ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 545. 
 
ByS 33 cites "Arddun ferch Pabo Post Prydein" as the mother of "St. Tyssilio ap Brochwel Ysgithrog ap Cyngen"
 
Vita Tyssilio cites Iago, who died childless, as the eldest son of Brochwel Ysgithrog
 
ByS 38 mentions "Maun ap Brochwel Ysgithrog" but this may be an error for "Maun ap Cyngen"
 
Harl. 3859 cites "Cynan ap Brochwel ap Cyngen" 
 
31.  Maun ap Cyngen Glodrydd ap Maun, born c. 510
      His wife is unknown, but he was the father of:
   
             St Ysteffan ap Maun, born c. 540.  This man is said to have been the bard for St. Tyssilio, his first-cousin.
 
ByS 31 cites "St Ysteffan ap Maun ap Cyngen
 
32.  Meig Myngfras (with thick hair) ap Cyngen Glodrydd ap Maun, born c. 515
      His wife is unknown, but he was the father of:
 
            Annan ferch Meig Myngfras, born c. 550.  She is celebrated in the Welsh Triads as one of the three lively maidens of Britain.
 
Triad #79 mentions "Afan ferch Meig Myngfras" but we suggest her name was Annan
 
JC Ms 20, 10 cites "Meig Myngfras" as a son of Cyngen and brother of Brochwel Ysgithrog
 
GENERATION 22:
 
33.  Iago ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 540
      He married Haiarnwedd, a lady of unknown descent, and became king at the death of his father.  He died shortly afterward and his widow wanted to marry his brother, Tyssilio, who was the next eldest son of Brochwel.  But Tyssilio was already in training for the priesthood and refused to leave that life, either to marry her or become the next king. Iago had no children.
 
Vita Tyssilio cites Iago, and his wife Haiarnwedd, as the older brother of St. Tyssilio
 
34.  St Tyssilio ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 541
      He resolved at an early age to become a priest, over the objections of his father.  He ran away to Meifod and was taken in by the abbot for religious training.  His father sent men to fetch him home, but the lad refused to leave.  After his brother Iago had succeeded their father as king, then died childless two years later, the widow of his brother asked him to leave the monastory to marry her and become king.  When he refused, she did all she could to make life miserable for him and for the abbey at Meifod.  He left Wales and sailed to Brittany, where he set up his own abbey.  After the death of his sister-in-law, a delegation from Meifod invited him to return but he chose to stay where he was; he died in Brittany after living a full life.
 
ByS 33 cites "St Tyssilio ap Brochwel Ysgithrog ap Cyngen".  Vita Tyssilio mentions the other facts noted in his life.
 
35.  Cynan Garwin (white shaft) ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 545.
      He became king of Powys after the death of his brother Iago.  His wife is not cited, so we don't know if Iago's widow managed to marry him after Tyssilio spurned her advances.  Cynan had 6 sons and a daughter:
 
          36.  Selyf ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
          37.  Cadell ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
          38.  Eiludd ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog
          39.  St Bueno ap Cynan Garwin
          40.  Cyndrwyn ap Cynan Garwin
                Dinogat ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 585.  He is known only from the Welsh Triads praising his horse, Swift-Roan
                Afandreg Ddu ferch Cynan Garwin, born c. 585.  Called "the black" for her long black tresses, she married Cadfan (c. 570) ap Iago (c. 540) ap Beli (c. 505) ap Einion (c. 475) ap Owain Ddantgwyn (c. 445) ap Einion Urdd (c. 415), king of Gwynedd, and was the mother of Cadwallon ap Cadfan.
 
Harl 3859, 22 cites "Cynan ap Brochwel ap Cyngen" as the father of Selyf
 
JC Ms 20, 18; ABT 6k & 20 cite "Selyf ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog"
 
Harl 3859, 27 cites "Eiludd ap Cyngen ap Brochwel ap Cynan" but errs by reversing the names of Cynan and Cyngen (which are shown correctly in Harl 3859, 22)
 
Triad #46b mentions Dinogat ap Cynan Garwin as the owner of Swift-Roan
 
ByA 28b cites "Afandreg ferch Cynan Garwin" as the mother of Cadwallon ap Cadfan, thus the wife of Cadfan
 
The Annals of Ulster for the year 613 mention the battle off Chester in which fell Selyf ap Cynan and Cadell.  We think this Cadell was a brother of Selyf

Buchedd Beuno mentions sons of Selyf ap Cynan who harrassed St. Beuno (the man of Powys, not the earlier St Beuno #28 above); we suggest this later Beuno who moved to Clynnog in Lleyn, Gwynedd, was a younger brother of Selyf
 
Cyndrwyn, father of Cynddylan, was Lord of Tren, which was located southeast of Chester and within the kingdom of Powys.  Oral tradition places him at the 616 Battle of Chester,and we suggest he was another son of Cynan Garwin.  Pen 167 describes the grandson of Cyndrwyn as a "cousin" of St Beuno, so our belief that Cyndrwyn and Beuno were brothers is not just a wild guess.
 
 
 

GENERATION 23:
 
36.  Selyf Sarff Cadan ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 575.
      His wife is unknown.  He followed his father as king of Powys and was killed in 616 at the Battle of Chester, when the Saxon king Aethelfrid attacked the Welsh.  The Saxon victory drove a wedge between the Celts in Wales and their kinsmen in north Britain, there no longer being a safe land route which connected them.  Called "battle snake", Selyf had two sons:
 
             St Dona ap Selyf ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 610
             Mael Myngan ap Selyf ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 605
 
        In Buchedd Beuno, we are told that as young men, these brothers harrassed St Beuno whom we believe was their uncle (#39 below).  He issued a curse on them, willing they never have children to become the king of Powys.  The boys were merely tots when their father was killed and the kingship of Powys was assumed by their uncle, Eiludd ap Cynan Garwin.  For whatever reason, Eiludd was succeeded by his son and neither Dona nor Mael ap Selyf ever became king nor had any children.  Perhaps Dona entered the priesthood as an act of repentence for his youthful treatment of St Beuno. 
 
        A number of medieval manuscripts continue the Powys king line through "Beli ap Mael Myngan", but the earlier manuscripts say Beli was the son of Eiludd and the chronology clearly puts both Mael and Beli in the same generation as first-cousins.
 
ByS 62 cites "St. Dona ap Selyf ap Cynan Garwin"
 
ABT 20 and ByS 79 cite "Mael Myngan ap Selyf ap Cynan"
 
37.  Cadell ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 580. 
      His wife is unknown.  He was Lord of Ddyrnllwg and seated at Chester when attacked by the Saxons in 616.  His brother Selyf brought the Powys army to his assistance, but both were killed.  He left a son:
 
            Gwynfyw Frych ap Cadell, born c. 610.  He inherited considerable unconquered lands south and west of Chester and was the ancestor of Tudor Trevor, Lord of the March in the 10th century.
 
See notes to #35 above for making Cadell a son of Cynan Garwin
 
ABT 9b and HLG 12a cite "Gwynfyw ap Cadell Ddrynllwg" but this Cadell occurs 200 years later than Cadell Ddrynllwg.  HLG 12a adds "Frych" to Gwynfyw
 
38.  Eiludd ap Cynan Garwin ap Brochwel Ysgithrog, born c. 585
      His wife is unknown.  At least two of his older brothers were slain at the Battle of Chester in 616 and another had chosen the priesthood, so he was named king of Powys that year.  He had a son:
 
            41.  Beli ap Eiludd ap Cynan Garwin
 
Harl 3859 cites "Beli ap Eiludd" but uncorrectly continues with Cyngen
 
ABT 6k cites "Beli ap Eiludd" but then inserts "ap Selyf ap Cynan";  Eiludd and Selyf were brothers
 
39.  St Beuno ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 575
      While his ancestry isn't cited, everything said of him in Buchedd Beuno places him in the Powys Royal Family.  He traveled to Gwynedd where his sister was wife of King Cadfan, obtained a grant of land at Clynnog in Lleyn and there he built his church.  His Vita confuses him with the earlier St. Beuno of Hollywell in Flintshire, speaking of both men as if they were identical.
 
See notes under #35 above
 
40.  Cyndrwyn ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 580
      The ancestry of this man is nowhere given, but he was Lord of Tren, a ville located perhaps midway between Chester and the Severn River.  Tradition says he fought and survived the 616 Battle of Chester, but more likely he did not survive it. The location of his lands points to his having been another son of King Cynan Garwin, who like his brother Cadell, ruled only an appanage of Powys.  Known to us primarily as the father of Cynddylan, he had at least 4 sons and 3 daughters:
 
         42.  Cynddylan ap Cyndrwyn
               Elfan Powys ap Cyndrwyn, born c. 610
               Cynwraith ap Cyndrwyn, born c. 615
               Cynon ap Cyndrwyn, born c. 615
               Heledd ferch Cyndrwyn, born c. 610
               Ffeuer ferch Cyndrwyn, born c. 610
               Medlan ferch Cyndrwyn, born c. 615
 
The Canu Heledd series of poems names these children as brothers and sisters of Cynddylan ap Cyndrwyn
 
ByrA 1 titled "Plant Cyndrwyn" omits Cynddylan, but includes these and several others which we think were children of one or more other men named Cyndrwyn
 
A gloss over the title identifies Cyndrwyn as "ap Owain ap Urien ap Cynfarch", but this refers to the often-cited but incorrect ancestry of St Kentigern
 
         
GENERATION 24:
 
41.  Beli ap Eiludd ap Cynan Garwin, born c. 620
      His wife is unknown, but he became king of Powys following his father, to the exclusion of the sons of former King Selyf, the older brother of Eiludd.  It was during his lifetime when the Saxons took the fertile Severn valley from Powys and reduced that proud kingdom to a "possession" of Mercia.  He had a son:
 
          43.  Gwylog ap Beli ap Eiludd
 
ABT 6k; Harl 3859, 27 cite "Beli ap Eiludd" as the father of Gwylog
 
 
42.  Cynddylan ap Cyndrwyn, born c. 620
      Known only from the early heroic poetry, this prince resided at Pengwern Hall in what is now northern Shropshire.  Said to have been an ally of Penda, king of Mercia, it is generally believed he and his brothers fought alongside Penda at the 642 battle of Maserfield where Oswald of Northumbria was slain.  In 655, the brother of Oswald, Oswi, met the army of Penda at Winwaed where Penda fell.  The poetry says Cynddylan was killed defending Tren. Oswi followed up his victory by laying waste to Pengwern Hall killing all his siblings except one sister, Heledd.  Oswi also took the Powys royal manor near Shrewsbury and held rule over the entire Severn valley.
 
       At least one poem indicates that Cynddylan had a son named Caranfael who also fell battling the Saxons, but another claims he was not married.
 
Cynddylan is found only in the heroic poetry and called a son of Cyndrwyn
 
43.  Gwylog ap Beli ap Eiludd, born c. 655
       His wife is unknown.  While he followed his father as "king" of Powys, it is believed his tribe was actually under Saxon rule and his immediate family may have been sheltered in the mountains of eastern Wales.  He was the father of:
 
          44.  Eliseg ap Gwylog ap Beli
 
Harl 3859, 27; JC Ms 20, 18; ABT 6k; HLG 2f: and ByS 79 cite "Gwylog ap Beli" as the father of Eliseg
 
GENERATION 25:
 
44.  Eliseg ap Gwylog ap Beli, born c. 685
      His wife is unknown.  According to the inscription on the Pillar of Eliseg, erected c. 825 by his great-grandson, he "annexed the inheritance of Powys" from the English.  It is assumed he retook at least a part of his tribal lands and ended Saxon rule of his people, but most of the Severn valley was forever lost to Powys.  Its new seat was established at Mathrafal in Ystrad Marchell.  He had 3 sons:
 
          45.  Brochwel ap Eliseg ap Gwylog
                St Enghenedl ap Eliseg ao Gwylog, born c. 720
                Gruffudd ap Eliseg ap Gwylog, born c. 720.  He is known only as the father of 4 sons: Maun, Artan, Iouab and Meig
 
GENERATION 26:
 
45.  Brochwel ap Eliseg ap Gwylog, born c. 715
      His wife is unknown.  He followed his father of king of Powys and had 2 sons:
 
           46.  Cadell ap Brochwel ap Eliseg
           47.  Cyngen ap Brochwel ap Eliseg
 
GENERATION 27:
 
46.  Cadell ap Brochwel ap Eliseg, born c. 745. 
      His wife is unknown and his obit is recorded in 808.  He had a son:
 
            48.  Cyngen ap Cadell ap Brochwel
 
      Medieval sources claim Cadell also had a daughter, Nest, who married Merfyn Frych of Gwynedd.  We believe this was a late fiction created as part of an attempt to glorify the Gwynedd family by claiming it obtained rule over Powys by virtue of this bogus marriage. See the historic "Nest ferch Cadell ap Brochwel", #62 below.
 
47.  Cyngen ap Brochwel ap Eliseg, born c. 750
       His wife is unknown, but he had 4 sons:
 
          49.  Aeddon ap Cyngen ap Brochwel
                Gruffudd ap Cyngen ap Brochwel, born c. 785; obit 814
                Elisedd ap Cyngen ap Brochwel, born c. 785
                Ioab ap Cyngen ap Brochwel, born c. 790
 
GENERATION 28:
 
48.  Cyngen ap Cadell ap Brochwel, born c. 775
       His wife is unknown.  He became king of Powys at the death of his father in 808.  Early in his reign, he erected the Pillar of Eliseg on family lands in Ial, supposedly over the grave of Eliseg.  While partially defaced before the full inscription was written down in 1696, it honored Cyngen's great-grandfather and contained at least a partial pedigree of his family extending back to the 5th century.  In 823, the Saxons again invaded his lands and "took the kingdom of Powys for their own".  It isn't known if Cyngen served them as a puppet king but he died in Rome in 856.  He left no children, allowing medieval writers to conjure up a sister, marry her to the Gwynedd king and claim Rhodri Mawr thus inherited the kingship of Powys.  Even if such a sister existed, Powys did not come under the rule of Gwynedd.
 
49.  Aeddan ap Cyngen ap Brochwel, born c. 785
      His wife is unknown.  While he likely did not outlive his first-cousin Cyngen ap Cadell, his branch of the family was entitled to the rule of Powys after that man died childless.  We believe the Saxons held Powys during the lifetime of Aeddan, and that he served as their puppet-king.  He had 2 sons:
 
           50.  Cadweithan ap Aeddan ap Cyngen
           51.  Brochwel ap Aeddan ap Cyngen
 
GENERATION 29:
 
50.  Cadweithan ap Aeddan ap Cyngen, born c. 820
       Probably the eldest son of Aeddan, we think he also served the Saxons as puppet king until 863.  In that year, he was "expelled" from Powys and we think it was his younger brother who expelled him.  If he had children, they were banished with him.  His obit is recorded in 883.
 
51.  Brochwel ap Aeddan ap Cyngen, born c. 820
       The first to bear this name, we believe he reclaimed Powys from the Saxons by expelling his older brother, then joining with other men of North Wales, defeated the Saxons in battle and restored Powys to the rule of his family.  He had 3 sons:
 
           52.  Selyf ap Brochwel ap Aeddan
           53.  Gwaeddan ap Brochwel ap Aeddan
           54.  Rhodri ap Brochwel ap Aeddan
 
GENERATION 30:
 
52.  Selyf ap Brochwel ap Aeddan, born c. 850
       The first of this name, he followed his father as king of Powys and began the family tradition of honoring his ancestors by repeating their names.  He had 3 sons:
 
          55.  Aeddan II ap Selyf ap Brochwel
          56.  Cadell ap Selyf ap Brochwel
          57.  Beli ap Selyf ap Brochwel
 
53.  Gwaeddan ap Brochwel ap Aeddan, born c. 855
       Nothing is known of him other than being father to:
 
          58.  Rhodri ap Gwaeddan ap Brochwel
 
54.  Rhodri ap Brochwel ap Aeddan, born c. 855
      We suggest it was this Powys man whom some medieval historians confused with Gwynedd's Rhodri Mawr in their claim that a Merfyn ap Rhodri inherited Powys.  This Rhodri, a generation younger than the Gwynedd king, had a son:
 
            Merfyn ap Rhodri ap Brochwel, born c. 885, lived in Powys but the kingdom was ruled by his first cousin, Aeddan II ap Selyf.  He has a son:
                  Iarddur ap Merfyn ap Rhodri, born c. 920.  This man drowned in 955 and is often incorrectly identified as a grandson of Rhodri Mawr.
 
GENERATION 31:
 
55.  Aeddan II ap Selyf ap Brochwel, born c. 880
      He became king of Powys after his father, and continued the ancestor-naming tradition by calling his only son:

         59.  Brochwel II ap Aeddan II ap Selyf
 
56.  Cadell ap Selyf ap Brochwel, born c. 880
       This man is known only as the father of:
 
             Dryffin ap Cadell ap Selyf, born c. 910.  He has a daughter:
 
                   Isabel ferch Dryffin ap Cadell, born c. 945.  She married Ifor (c. 930) ap Seferys (c. 900) ap Cadwr (c. 865) ap Gwenwyn (c. 830) ap Idnerth (c. 795) ap Iorwerth Hirflawdd (c. 765) ap Tegonwy (c. 735) ap Teon (c. 700), and was the grandmother of Elystan Glodrydd ap Cuhelyn ap Ifor. This family descended from Cassanauth Wledig.
 
57.  Beli ap Selyf ap Brochwel, born c. 885
      This man began a naming sequence which would be repeated for 4 times in the next 300 years, and was the father of the first man called:
 
           60.  Gruffudd ap Beli ap Selyf
 
58.  Rhodri ap Gwaeddan ap Brochwel. born c. 890
      He is known only as the father of:
 
          61.  Owain ap Rhodri ap Gwaeddan

GENERATION 32:
 
59.  Brochwel II ap Aeddan II ap Selyf, born c. 910
      The second man of this name, he followed his father as king of Powys and continued the repeating name sequence with his youngest son.  He was also the father of:
 
         62.  Cadell ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II
         63.  Seisyll ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II
         64.  Selyf II ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II
 
60.  Gruffudd ap Beli ap Selyf, born c. 915
      He is known only as the father of:
 
         65.  Gwyn ap Gruffudd ap Beli
 
61.  Owain ap Rhodri ap Gwaeddan, born c. 920
      He is known only as the father of:
 
         66.  Iorwerth ap Owain ap Rhodri
 
GENERATION 33:
 
62.  Cadell ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II, born c. 940
       He succeeded his father as king of Powys and died c. 1003 with an only daughter:
 
             Nest ferch Cadell ap Brochwel II, born c. 970.  She married Gwerystan (c. 955) ap Gwaethfoed (c. 915) ap Gwynnog Farfsych (c. 885) ap Lles Llyddog (c. 855) ap Ceido (c. 825) ap Corf (c. 795) ap Cynwrig (c. 765) ap Tegonwy (c. 735) ap Teon (c. 700).  Among her sons was Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, whose son Bleddyn became king of Powys in 1069 and ended the rule of the family descended from Cadell Ddyrnllwg.  Medieval genealogists seized upon this Nest ferch Cadell ap Brochwel, identified her as a daughter of the 8th century Cadell ap Brochwel ap Eliseg (#46 above), and claimed she married Merfyn Frych of Gwynedd and carried Powys to her son Rhodri Mawr.  It was only one of a series of fictions designed to exalt Gwynedd at the expense of Powys, and to assign a glorious reputation to Rhodri Mawr far beyond anything he actually accomplished.  He led the fight against Danes and Saxons, in which efforts he was joined by the kings of Powys and other Welsh tribes, but he never ruled any territory except Gwynedd.
 
63.  Seisyll ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II, born c. 945
      He married Prawst (c. 960) ferch Elisedd (c. 925) ap Idwal Foel (c. 880) ap Anaward (c. 850) ap Rhodri Mawr (c. 820).  The second-eldest son of Brochwel II, he and his brothers Cadell and Selyf II all died between 1000 and 1005 and the kingship of Powys fell to Seisyll's eldest son.  He was father to:
 
        67.  Llewelyn ap Seisyll ap Brochwel II
              Cynan ap Seisyll ap Brochwel, born c. 985 and killed in 1027, leaving two or more unnamed sons who are mentioned in a 1035 Brut entry.
              Robert ap Seisyll ap Brochwel II, born c. 985 who had a daughter:
                     Arddun ap Robert ap Seisyll, born c. 1020.  A story was concocted claiming this lady was raped by King Iestyn ap Gwrgan of Glamorgan.  She was almost a generation older than that king and we assign the tale to a series of medieval attempts to smear the reputation of Iestyn.
 
             Nest ferch Seisyll ap Brochwel II, born c. 990.  She married Coel (c. 975) ap Gweirydd (c. 945) ap Cynwrig (c. 915) ap Cynddelw Gam (c. 880) and was mother to Llewelyn Aurdorchog.
 
64.  Selyf II ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II, born c. 945
      The youngest brother of Cadell and Seisyll, he continued the repeating name sequences begun earlier.  He named his sons:
 
        68.  Aeddan III ap Selyf II ap Brochwel II
        69.  Beli II ap Selyf II ap Brochwel II
 
65.  Gwyn ap Gruffudd ap Beli, born c. 950
      He was the first of 4 men of this name and the first to name a son:
 
         70.  Pasgen ap Gwyn ap Gruffudd
 
66. Iorwerth ap Owain ap Rhodri, born c. 955
     He is known only as the father of:
 
        71.  Gruffudd ap Iorwerth ap Owain
 
GENERATION 34:
 
67.  Llewelyn ap Seisyll ap Brochwel II, born c. 975
      He succeeded his uncle Cadell as king of Powys c. 1003 and married Angharad (c. 990) ferch Maredudd (c. 945) ap Owain (c. 910)ap Hywel Dda (c. 880) of the Deheubarth ruling family. About 1015, Llewelyn took rule of Gwynedd from Idwal ap Elisedd ap Meurig ap Idwal Foel.  That family had engaged in several generations of deadly feuds among uncles and cousins for rule, and under Llewelyn peace and prosperity were returned to all of North Wales.  He died, or was killed, in 1023 leaving a single son:
 
         72.  Gruffudd ap Llewelyn ap Seisyll
 
68.  Aeddan III ap Selyf II ap Brochwel II, born c. 975
      A first-cousin of King Llewelyn ap Seisyll, he was dead before 1023.  Following what was now a familiar tradition, he named his only son:
 
        73.  Brochwel III ap Aeddan III ap Selyf II
 
69.  Beli II ap Selyf II ap Brochwel II, born c. 980
      Another first-cousin of King Llewelyn ap Seisyll, he was also dead by 1023. Not one to break tradition, he named his only son:
 
       74.  Gruffudd II ap Beli II ap Selyf II
 
70.  Pasgen ap Gwyn ap Gruffudd, born c. 980
      The earliest of 4 men of this name, most of the names he gave his 4 sons were to be repeated by his later namesakes:
 
          75.  Trahaearn ap Pasgen ap Gwyn
          76.  Meurig ap Pasgen ap Gwyn
          77.  Cynwrig ap Pasgen ap Gwyn
          78.  Mael ap Pasgen ap Gwyn
 
71.  Gruffudd ap Iorwerth ap Owain, born c. 990.
      He is known only as the father of:
  
         79.  Meilyr Gryg ap Gruffudd ap Owain
 
GENERATION 35:
 
72.  Gruffudd ap Llewelyn ap Seisyll, born c. 1011
      He was only 12 years old when his father died/was killed in 1023.  There were no adult males alive in the Powys Royal Family, so the leading men were required to choose an interim king.  Cynfyn ap Gwerystan was the maternal grandson of former king Cadell ap Brochwel II and was recently widowed.  After marrying the widow of Llewelyn ap Seisyll and becoming step-father to young Gruffudd, Cynfyn was named interim king of Powys.  In 1039, Gruffudd came of full age and assumed the kingship; Cynfyn either stepped aside or possibly had been slain in 1033 when Iago ap Idwal ap Elisedd retook the Gwynedd kingship from Powys.  Gruffudd's first act was to kill Iago and seize Gwynedd.  He then engaged in several years war with the ruling family of Deheubarth, finally taking rule of that kingdom in 1044.  Next, he battled the rulers of Gwent and Glamorgan and in 1056, he killed them and now ruled the whole of Wales.  Fearful of such a strong ruler bordering his lands, England's King Edward the Confessor sent his baron Harold Godwinson to capture or kill Gruffudd.  After one unsuccessful attempt, Harold finally laid seige to the castle at Rhuddlan in 1063 after blocking the Clwyd estuary to prevent Gruffudd's escape by sea.  The leading men of North Wales, wishing to avoid an unwinnable war with England, stood aside for Harold's army to cross their lands and reach Rhuddlan. One of these Welshmen, probably Cynan ap Iago ap Idwal of Gwynedd, killed Gruffudd and delivered his head to Harold.  Following his death, when his own sons were yet too young for kingship, Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn was given rule over Powys and his brother Bleddyn was given rule over Gwynedd.  The southern kingdoms of Wales reverted to rule by the families Gruffudd had defeated.  Wales was again a fragmented group of independent kingdoms and no longer a serious threat to England. 
 
       About 1039, Gruffudd had married an unnamed lady believed to have been Irish, and had three sons:
 
              Maredudd ap Gruffudd ap Llewelyn, born c. 1040
              Ithel ap Gruffudd ap Llewelyn, born c. 1041
              Owain ap Gruffudd ap Llewelyn, born c. 1040 and died in 1059 during the lifetime of his father.
 
       When the eldest of these sons reached the minimum age for kingship, the two men attacked Rhiwallon ap Bleddyn in 1069 and killed him in battle.  His brother Bleddyn brought his warband from Gwynedd and Ithel died on the battlefield at Mechain, while Maredudd was forced into the mountains where he soon died.  Bleddyn took over rule in Powys and there is no record that any of Gruffudd's cousins or their descendants ever attempted to reclaim it for the family.  The First Royal Dynasty of Powys ended, it's rule usurped by the family of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn.  
 
           About 1050, apparently then widowed, Gruffudd had married a sister of his English ally, Earl Aelfgar:  Editha, daughter of Leofrig.  By this lady, Gruffudd had a daughter:
 
                Nest ferch Gruffudd ap Llewelyn, born c. 1050, who married Trahaearn (c. 1035) ap Caradog (c. 1005) ap Gwyn (c. 975) of Arwystli, also descended from Tegonwy ap Teon.  After the death of her father, Harold Godwinson took her English mother as his bride.
 
73.  Brochwel III ap Aeddan III ap Selyf II, born c. 1005
      His wife is unknown, but he had 3 sons and a daughter:
 
           80.  Gwrgi ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III
           81.  Selyf III ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III
           82.  Matthew (Bod) Hen ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III
                 Sian ferch Brochwel III ap Aeddan III, born c. 1035.  She married Cadwgan (c. 1020) ap Elystan Glodrydd (c. 990), Prince of Fferlys in south Wales.
 
74.  Gruffudd II ap Beli II ap Selyf II, born c. 1015
       His wife is unknown, but he continued the family tradition by naming a son:
 
           83.  Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II ap Beli II
 
75.  Trahaearn ap Pasgen ap Gwyn, born c. 1010
       His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
          84.  Hywel ap Trahaearn ap Pasgen
 
76.  Meurig ap Pasgen ap Gwyn, born c. 1010
      His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
          85. Adda ap Meurig ap Pasgen
 
77.  Cynwrig ap Pasgen ap Gwyn, born c. 1015
       His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
          86.  Adda Goch ap Cynwrig ap Pasgen
 
78.  Mael ap Pasgen ap Gwyn, born c. 1010
      Often incorrectly called "Mael Maelienydd", he was the father of:
 
          87.  Iorwerth ap Mael ap Pasgen
 
79.  Meilyr Gryg ap Gruffudd ap Iorwerth, born c. 1025
      The first of the name, he built the manor called Gregynog in the commote of Cedewain. He had an only son:
 
         88.  Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg ap Gruffudd
 
GENERATION 36:
 
80.  Gwrgi ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III, born c. 1035
       Probably the Gwrgi of Castell Caereinion, he had a son:
 
               Seisyllt ap Gwrgi, born c. 1065, who was father to a daughter:
                      Gwledyr ferch Seisyllt ap Gwrgi, born c. 1095.  She married Gwrgeneu (c. 1080) ap Ednywain (c. 1040) ap Ithel of Bryn (c. 1007) ap Coel (c. 975) ap Gweirydd (c. 945) ap Cynwrig (c. 915) ap Cynddelw Gam (c. 880) descended from Llywarch Hen.
 
81.  Selyf III ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III, born c. 1040
      This man continued both naming patterns begun earlier byy naming his two sons:
 
         89.  Aeddan IV ap Selyf III ap Brochwel III
         90.  Beli III ap Selyf III ap Brochwel III
 
82.  Matthew Hen ap Brochwel III ap Aeddan III, born c. 1040
      Often called by the nickname "Bod Hen", early pedigrees confused his father with Brochwel Ysgithrog of the 6th century.  His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
         91.  Cadfael ap Matthew Hen ap Brochwel III
 
83.  Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II ap Beli II, born c. 1050.
       His wife is unknown and his obit is recorded in 1101.  He had two sons and a daughter:
 
        92.  Pasgen II ap Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II
        93.  Einion ap Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II
              Tangwre ferch Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II, born c. 1080.  She married Seisyll ap Gwrgeneu of Caereinion whose ancestry is uncertain. It is possible this man was the son of Gwrgeneu ap Seisyll ap Ithel ap Gwerystan ap Gwaithfoed; if so he would have been born c. 1070.  Seisyll ap Ithel was a first-cousin of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, king of Powys.
 
84.  Hywel ap Trahaearn ap Pasgen, born c. 1040
      His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
          94.  Rhiryd ap Hywel ap Trahaearn
 
85.  Adda ap Meurig ap Pasgen, born c. 1040
      He is known only as the father of:
 
         95.  Ieuan ap Adda ap Meurig
 
86.  Adda Goch ap Cynwrig ap Pasgen, born c. 1050
      He is known only as the father of:
 
        96.  Ieuan ap Adda Goch ap Cynwrig
 
87.  Iorwerth ap Mael ap Pasgen, born c. 1040.
      He is probably the man called Iorwerth Hilfawr of Halchdyn, Deuddwr. His wife is unknown, but he had two sons:
 
       97.  Madog ap Iorwerth ap Mael
       98.  Trahaearn ap Iorwerth ap Mael
 
88.  Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg ap Gruffudd, born c. 1060
      The first of this name, he had a son and 2 daughters:
 
        99.  Einion ap Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg
              Lleuci ferch Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg, born c. 1090.  She married Rhys Goch (c. 1075) ap Llewelyn Fychan (c. 1035) ap Llewelyn Aurdorchog (c. 1005) descended from Cynddelw Gam.
              Nest ferch Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg, born c. 1090.  She married Pasgen II ap Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II (#92 below)
 
GENERATION 37:
 
89.  Aeddan IV ap Selyf III ap Brochwel III, born c. 1075
      He is known only as the father of:
 
         100.  Brochwel IV ap Aeddan IV ap Selyf II
 
90.  Beli III ap Selyf III ap Brochwel III, born c. 1080
      He is known only as the father of:
 
         101.  Gruffudd III ap Beli III ap Selyf III
 
91.  Cadfael ap Matthew Hen ap Brochwel III, born c. 1070
      He married Alison (c. 1085) ferch Einion (c. 1050) ap Llewelyn Fras (c. 1020) whose ancestry is unknown.  They had a son:
 
        102.  Cadfan ap Cadfael ap Matthew Hen
 
92.  Pasgen II ap Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II, born c. 1080
      He married Nest (c. 1095) ferch Llewelyn (c. 1060) ap Meilyr Gryg (c. 1025).  See #88 above.  They had 4 sons, given the same names as the first Pasgen ap Gwyn:
 
        103.  Cynwrig II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II
        104.  Meurig II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II
        105.  Trahaearn II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II
        106.  Mael II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II
 
93.  Einion ap Gwyn II ap Gruffudd II, born c. 1085
      He is known only as the father of:
 
        107.  Rhys Fychan ap Einion ap Gwyn II
 
94.  Rhiyrd ap Hywel ap Trahaearn, born c. 1070
      He is known only as the father of:
 
        108.  Morgan ap Rhiryd ap Hywel
 
95.  Ieuan ap Adda ap Meurig, born c. 1075
      He is known only as the father of:
 
        109.  Heilyn ap Ieuan ap Adda
 
96.  Ieuan ap Adda Goch ap Cynwrig, born c. 1080
      He is known only as the father of:
 
       110.  Mwurig ap Ieuan ap Adda Goch
 
97.  Madog ap Iorwerth ap Mael, born c. 1070
      His wife is unknown, but he had 2 sons:
 
       111.  Llewelyn ap Madog ap Iorwerth
       112.  Llywarch ap Madog ap Iorwerth
 
98.  Trahaearn ap Iorwerth ap Mael, born c. 1075
       He is known only as the father of:
 
       113.  Iddon ap Trahaearn ap Iorwerth
 
99.  Einion ap Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg, born c. 1095
      His wife is unknown, but he had 2 sons and 2 daughters:
 
       114.  Gruffudd ap Einion ap Llewelyn
       115.  Llewelyn ap Einion ap Llewelyn
               Arddun ferch Einion ap Llewelyn, born c. 1125.  She married Maredudd (c. 1115) ap Madog (c. 1085) ap Gruffudd (c. 1055) ap Dafydd (c. 1025) ap Cynwrig (c. 995) ap Rhiwallon (c. 965) ap Dyngad (c. 930) ap Tudor Trevor (c. 900).
               Elen ferch Einion ap Llewelyn, born c. 1135.  She married Collwyn (c. 1125) ap y Llawr Craff (c. 1090) ap Maredudd (c. 1055) ap Cynan (c. 1014) ap Idwal (c. 975) ap Elisedd (c. 945) ap Meurig (c. 915) ap Idwal Foel (c. 880) ap Anarawd (c. 850) ap Rhodri Mawr (c. 820).

GENERATION 38:
 
100.  Brochwel IV ap Aeddan IV ap Selyf III, born c. 1110
        His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
         115.  Selyf IV ap Brochwel IV ap Aeddan IV
 
101.  Gruffudd III ap Beli III ap Selyf III, born c. 1115
        His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
         116.  Gwyn III ap Gruffudd III ap Beli III
 
102.  Cadfan ap Cadfael ap Matthew Hen, born c. 1100
        He married Arddun (c. 1115) ap Moreiddig Warwyn (c. 1080) ap Drwmbaenog (c. 1050) ap Maenyrch (c. 1015) ap Dryffin (c. 980) of Brychieniog.  They had a son:
 
        117.  Cuan ap Cadfan ap Cadfael
 
103.  Cynwrig II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II, born c. 1110
        His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
        118.  Adda Goch II ap Cynwrig II ap Pasgen II
 
104.  Meurig II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II, born c. 1110
        His wife is unknown, but he had 2 sons:
 
        119.  Hoedliw ap Meurig II ap Pasgen II, born c. 1145
 
105.  Trahaearn II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II, born c. 1115
        His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
        120.  Hywel II ap Trahaearn II ap Pasgen II
 
106.  Mael II ap Pasgen II ap Gwyn II, born c. 1115
        His wife is unknown, but he had a son:
 
        121.  Iorwerth II ap Mael II ap Pasgen II
 
107.  Rhys Fychan ap Einion ap Gwyn II, born 1120
        His wife is unknown, but he has a son:
 
        122.  Rhys Gwnle ap Rhys Fychan ap Einion
 
108.  Morgan ap Rhiryd ap Hywel, born c. 1100
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        123.  Morgan Fychan ap Morgan ap Rhiryd
 
109.  Heilyn ap Ieuan ap Adda, born c. 1105
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        124.  Ieuaf ap Heilyn ap Ieuan
 
110.  Meurig ap Ieuan ap Adda Goch, born c. 1115
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        125.  Heilyn ap Meurig ap Ieuan
 
111.  Llywarch ap Madog ap Iorwerth, born c. 1110
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        126.  Cadwgan ap Llywarch ap Madog
 
112.  Iddon ap Trahaearn ap Iorwerth, born c. 1105
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        127.  Cyfnerth ap Iddon ap Trahaearn
 
113.  Gruffudd ap Einion ap Llewelyn, born c. 1125
        He is known only as the father of:
 
        128.  Maredudd ap Gruffudd ap Einion
 
114.  Llewelyn ap Einion ap Llewelyn, born c. 1130
        He married Angharad (c. 1145) ferch Adda (c. 1115) ap Madog (c. 1085) ap Idnerth (c. 1050) ap Cadwgan (c. 1020) ap Elystan Glodrydd (c. 990).  They had 2 sons:
 
        129.  Llewelyn Fychan ap Llewelyn ap Einion
                Einion ap Llewelyn ap Einion, born c. 1165.  His son was:
                    Madog ap Einion ap Llewelyn, born c. 1195, father of:
                         Ieuan ap Madog ap Einion, born c. 1230, father of:
                              Annes ferch Ieuan ap Madog, born c. 1265.  She married Llewelyn (c. 1250) ap Gruffudd (c. 1215) ap Gwyn (c. 1180) ap Gronwy (c. 1145) ap Einion (c. 1110) ap Seisyllt (c. 1075) of Meirionydd.
 
GENERATION 39:
 
115.  Selyf IV ap Brochwel IV ap Aeddan IV, born c. 1145
        His wife is unknown, but he had 2 sons:
 
        130.  Beli IV ap Selyf IV ap Brochwel IV
        131.  Meilyr ap Selyf IV ap Brochwel IV
 
116.