Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
Owain Brogyntyn and his Family
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
The Unofficial "History" of Elystan of Powys
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
The Royal Family of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam

NOTE:  If you have accessed this page via web search, it is an incomplete draft of research still in progress and is subject to much revision.  It cannot be accessed from our website, but web search engines are unable to distinguish between "published" pages and those "off-site" notes stored by the site author for possible future use.
                           WHICH EINION WAS CAEREINION NAMED FOR?
                                            By Darrell Wolcott
         The early 15th century manuscript, Bonedd yr Arwyr (a section of the now-lost Hengwrt 33 manuscript) claims that the commote in Powys called Caereinion was home to Einion Yrth ap Cunedda.  Few scholars today would defend that claim; nothing in the ancient sources indicates that any of the Cunedda clan was located within Powys.  Another part of that same manuscript[1] describes a man named Gwrgi as "mab uchelwr o Castell y Caereinion".  We read this to mean he was "of the men of Castell Caereinion.  While there may have been an ancient hill fort with that name, in medieval times it was a parish in that portion of the commote immediately adjecent to Ystrad Marchell.  By the 9th century, the surrounding area was held by members of the Powys Royal Family descended from Brochwel Ysgithrog.  Nearby was Mathrafel, the seat of the king of Powys, and Cegidfa, the residence of a noted junior line of the family[2].
          We suggested in an earlier paper[3] that this family anciently held lands in Cheshire, Powys north and west of the Dee, and the portion of Shropshire north of the Severn; and that the lands, including Caereinion and Ystrad Marchell were held by the "other Powys family", that descended from Cassanauth Wledig.  We further posited that an heiress of that family, a daughter of Bleddud ap Tegonwy, married the king of the ruling Powys family c. 815 and carried these lands to her son, Brochwel ap Aeddan ap Cyngen ap Brochwel ap Eliseg.
         The family of Bleddud ap Tegonwy is cited twice in Bonedd y Sant, first saying that St. Llewelyn of Trallwng (Welshpool) was a son of Bleddud, and secondly says this saint was a son of Einion ap Bleddud.  Whether St. Llewelyn was the brother or son of this Einion, the lady whom we think was the mother of Brochwel ap Aeddon would have been a sister of Einion.  It may have been this Einion whose early 9th century home was called Caer Einion and for whom the later commote was named.  We suggest he either died without an heir, or that his lands went to his sister's son who became king of Powys rather than to the holy man who was either his son or his brother. 
         Those lands now called Caereinion, we think, were eventually devolved upon Gruffudd II, born c. 1015 and son of Beli II ap Selyf II ap Brochwel II ap Aeddan II ap Selyf ap Brochwel ap Aeddan.  That Gruffudd, we believe, had sons Gwyn II and Gwrgi.  We have already seen that Gwrgi was descended from men who held Castell Caereinion; other lands in the commote were held by Einion ap Gwyn II whose grandson was called Rhys Gwnle...Gunley being a manor in Caereinion.