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Legendary History Prior to 1st Century BC
Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees
The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"
Bartrum's "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs"
A study in charting medieval citations
The Evolution of the "Padriarc Brenin" Pedigree
Generational Gaps and the Welsh Laws
Minimum Age for Welsh Kingship in the Eleventh Century
The Lands of the Silures
Catel Durnluc aka Cadell Ddyrnllwg
Ancient Powys
The Royal Family of Powys
The Royal Family of Gwynedd
The 5 Plebian Tribes of Wales
Maxen Wledig of Welsh Legend
Maxen Wledig and the Welsh Genealogies
Anwn Dynod ap Maxen Wledig
Constans I and his 343 Visit to Britain
Glast and the Glastening
Composite Lives of St Beuno
Rethinking the Gwent Pedigrees
The Father of Tewdrig of Gwent
Another Look at Teithfallt of Gwent
Ynyr Gwent and Caradog Freich Fras
Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menai
Rulers of Brycheiniog - The Unanswered Questions
Lluan ferch Brychan
The Herbert Family Pedigree
Edwin of Tegeingl and his Family
Angharad, Heiress of Mostyn
Ithel of Bryn in Powys
Idnerth Benfras of Maesbrook
Henry, the Forgotten Son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Muddled Pedigree of Sir John Wynn of Gwydir
The Mysterious Peverel Family
The Clan of Tudor Trevor
The Other "Sir Roger of Powys"
Ancestry of Ieuaf ap Adda ap Awr of Trevor
The Retaking of Northeast Wales
Hedd Molwynog or Hedd ap Alunog of Llanfair Talhearn
"Meuter Fawr" son of Hedd ap Alunog
The Medieval "redating" of Braint Hir
Aaron Paen ap Y Paen Hen
Welsh Claims to Ceri after 1179
The Battle of Mynydd Carn
Trahaearn ap Caradog of Arwystli
Cadafael Ynfyd of Cydewain
Maredudd ap Robert, Lord of Cedewain
Cadwgan of Nannau
Maredudd ap Owain, King of Deheubarth
What Really Happened in Deheubarth in 1022?
Two Families headed by a Rhydderch ap Iestyn
The Era of Llewelyn ap Seisyll
Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, the Interim King
The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn
The 1039 Battle at Rhyd y Groes
The First Wife of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Hywel ap Gronwy of Deheubarth
The Brief Life of Gruffudd ap Maredudd
The Other Gwenwynwyn
Eunydd son of Gwenllian
Sandde Hardd of Mortyn
The Floruit of Einion ap Seisyllt
The Enigmatic Elystan Glodrydd
Cowryd ap Cadfan of Dyffryn Clwyd
Owain ap Cadwgan and Nest ferch Rhys - An Historic Fiction?
The "sons" of Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn
The Betrayal by Meirion Goch Revisited
Gwyn Ddistain, seneschal for Llewelyn Fawr
The Men of Lleyn - How They Got There
Trahaearn Goch of Lleyn
Einion vs Iestyn ap Gwrgan - The Conquest of Glamorgan
Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry
Thomas ap Rhodri - Father of Owain "Lawgoch"
The "Malpas" Family in Cheshire
Einion ap Celynin of Llwydiarth
Marchweithian, Lord of Is Aled, Rhufoniog
Osbwrn Wyddel of Cors Gedol
Bradwen of Llys Bradwen in Meirionydd
Ednowain ap Bradwen
Sorting out the Gwaithfoeds
Three Men called Iorwerth Goch "ap Maredudd"
The Caradog of Gwynedd With 3 Fathers
Who Was Sir Robert Pounderling?
Eidio Wyllt - What Was His Birthname?
The Legendary Kingdom of Seisyllwg
The Royal Family of Ceredigion
Llewelyn ap Hoedliw, Lord of Is Cerdin
The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr
Welsh Ancestry of the Tudor Dynasty
Gruffudd ap Rhys, the Homeless Prince
The Children of Lord Rhys
Maredudd Gethin ap Lord Rhys
The 'Next Heir' of Morgan of Caerleon
Pedigree of the ancient Lords of Ial
The Shropshire Walcot Family
Pedigree of "Ednowain Bendew II"
Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam

                                      POWYS DYNASTIC FAMILY 945-1385
                                                By Darrell Wolcott
 
         With the death in 1069 of the sons of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn at the hands of Rhiwallon and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, the senior line descended from Brochwel Ysgithrog fell to the youngest son of Brochwel ap Aeddan, Selyf.[1]  There is no evidence in the chronicles that this family ever again seriously contested the descendants of Bleddyn for rule in Powys.  In our discussion of its loss of sovereignty[2], we indicated that Selyf ap Brochwel had sons named Aeddan and Beli, the former being the eldest. It was this Beli who headed the "Gwyn ap Gruffudd ap Beli" sequence noted in our Note 2 discussion as leading down to Tangwre ap Gwyn; while it is not our present intent to follow that line of the family, we will note that in addition to the daughter named Tangwre, Gwyn had a son named Pasgen.
 
         Aeddan ap Selyf's eldest son was named Brochwel, making him the third of this line to bear the name Brochwel ap Aeddan and the second whose grandfather was named Selyf.  This man whom we will call Brochwel ap Aeddon III, had a daughter named Sian who married Cadwgan ap Elystan Glodrydd.[3]  He had at least two sons, the youngest being Matthew Hen[4] (ancester of Lodwick Lewis of Arwystl) and the eldest named Selyf. This Selyf bore at least two sons: Aeddan and Beli.  The younger Beli named a son Gruffudd who named a son Gruffudd who named a son Gwyn who named a son Pasgen, thus repeating a 7-name string noted 100 years earlier in this family. We shall pause at this point to depict two branches of this family who elected to preserve their heritage by making their sons the namesake of earlier ancestors:
 
                                    750  Cyngen
                                               l
                                    785  Aeddan
                                               l
                                    820  Brochwel I
                                               l
                                     850   Selyf
                                               l
                                     880  Aeddan
                                               l
                                     910  Brochwel II
                                               l
                                     945  Selyf
                                       _____l___________________
                                      l                                       l
                          975   Aeddan                         980  Beli
                                      l                                       l
                        1005  Brochwel III                  1015 Gruffudd
                                      l                                       l
                        1040    Selyf                         1050  Gwyn
                           _______l________                 ______l______
                           l                        l                l                   l
              1075  Aeddan         1080  Beli   1080 Pasgen  1080 Tangwre
                           l                        l
              1110  Brochwel IV  1115 Gruffudd 
                           l                        l
              1145   Selyf          1150   Gwyn
                           l                        l
              1180    Beli           1180  Pasgen
                          +                        +
        to Sir Gruffudd Fychan    See Appendix A
                                                                                   

        It was the Pagsen ap Gwyn ap Gruffudd of c. 1080 who married Nest ferch Llewelyn ap Meilyr Gryg[5].  Other authorities assume this was the Meilyr Gryg who occurs c. 1180/1190 and attempt to link his granddaughter to the Pasgen ap Gwyn ap Gruffudd whose uncle was Gwynwys ap Gruffudd of the 13th century.  But such a Nest would occur about 1250, a whole generation prior to the later Pasgen.  It was failed matches like this which led Bartrum to conclude that all the pedigrees of this family "are deficient in one way or another".[6] 
 
        The Selyf c. 1145 appears to have broken with tradition by not naming a son Aeddan, but he did father a Beli.  It is this family branch which appears in the pedigree of Sir Gruffudd Fychan.  But Beli did continue the other scheme by naming a son Gruffudd, who in addition to Gwynwys, named a son Gwyn who completed the familiar series by naming a son Pasgen.  A continuation of our first chart, starting with Aeddan of c. 1075, brings us to our conclusion of the senior branch of the family of Brochwel Ysgithrog:
 
                                             1075  Aeddan
                                             1110  Brochwel IV
                                             1145  Selyf
                                             1180  Beli
                                             1215  Gruffudd
                            1250  Gwynwys             1250  Gwyn
                            1285  Madog                 1280  Pasgen
                            1320  Ieuan
                            1350  Gruffudd
                            1385  Sir Gruffudd Fychan[7]
 
           We are told that Sir Gruffudd was slain in 1447 by Henry Grey, Lord of Powys and a descendant of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, for rashly suggesting that his descent from Brochwel ap Aeddan (thus from Brochwel Ysgithrog) should entitle him to be Lord of Powys.[8]  But the official story was given that he was "holding correspondence with some adherents of the House of York" and a Queen's warrant was sent to Lord Grey for the arrest of Sir Gruffudd.  Given a "safe conduct", he went to Powys Castle to defend the charges and was summarily beheaded when he arrived there.[9]  The exact motive of Lord Grey is anyone's guess, but Sir Gruffudd did seem to be the representative of the senior line descended from the old Powys dynasty.  
 
                      
                          

NOTES:
[1] The eldest son of that Brochwel ap Aeddan was Cadell, the king of Powys who had no sons but whose daughter, Nest,  was mother to Cynfyn ap Gwerystan.
[2] See the paper "The End of the Powys Dynasty" on this site.
[3] Dwnn i, 313  This Sian occurred c. 1035; Cadwgan ap Elystan was born near 1020.
[4] Dwnn i, 303; Montgomeryshire Collections, vol x, pp 30.  Medieval genealogists confused his father with Brochwel Ysgithrog, but the ensuing families in his pedigree point to a birthdate near 1040. See Appendix B
[5] Montgomeryshire Collections, vol viii, pp 406, 411; vol x, pp 42. The Meilyr Gryg cited is the one who occurs c. 1025 six generations following the first Brochwel ap Aeddan of c. 820; see Dwnn i, 299 and Dwnn ii, 23
[6] P.C. Bartrum "Pedigrees of the Welsh Tribal Patriarchs" in the National Library of Wales Journal, vol xiii, part 2, pp 131.  Bartrum may have thought there was but a single man named Brochwel ap Aeddan; accordingly he could not bring the pedigrees which contain that name into chronological alignment. 
[7] His pedigree as shown in this chart appears in many sources, including the Cedwyn Ms; most sources, however, leap directly from Brochwel IV of 1110 to Brochwel I of 820 with no apology for the huge time gap.
[8] Wm V. Lloyd "The Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire" in Montgomeryshire Collections, vol vi, pp 80.
[9] M.C. Jones "Feudal Barons of Powys" in Montgomeryshire Collections, vol i, pp 335/336

APPENDIX A:
 
       Following are four interconnected families cited in the Cedwyn Ms which depict the first and second instances where the 7-name sequence Pasgen to Aeddan occur:
 
                                          880  Aeddan
                                          910  Brochwel II
                                          945  Selyf
                 975  Aeddan                             980  Beli
               1005  Brochwel III                      1015  Gruffudd
               1040  Selyf                               1050  Gwyn
               1080  Beli                                 1080  Pasgen
               1115  Gruffudd               1115 Mael          1110 Meurig
               1150  Gwyn                   1145 Iorwerth     1145 Hoedliw
  1180 Einion         1180 Pasgen      1180 Cadwgan     1175 Gwyn
  1210 Adda          1210 Meurig       1210 Rhiryd         1205 Ieuan
  1240 Iefa           1240 Owain        1245 Madog        1235 Iorwerth
  1270 Iorwerth     1270 Madog       1275 Dafydd        1270 Gronwy
  1300 Ior.Fychan  1300 Ieuan        1310 Llewelyn      1300 Jenkin
  1330 Deio          1335 Gruffudd=======Efa 1345      1330 Gittyn
  1360 Gittyn               Deuddwr                             1365 Cadwaladr
  1390 Morys===================================Elen 1400
 
   These families are cited in Montgomeryshire Collections, vol 8, pp 406, 416 & 419
 
    
 

APPENDIX B:
 
      Again from the Cedwyn Ms, these connecting families depict (a) the correct chronological placement of Matthew Hen; and (b) the third occurance of the 7-name string Pasgen to Aeddan.
 
                                     975  Aeddan
                                    1005  Brochwel
                      1040  Selyf                 1040  Matthew Hen
                      1075  Aeddan              1070  Cadfael
                      1110  Brochwel            1100  Cadfan
                      1145  Selyf                 1130  Ieuan
                      1180  Beli                   1165  Gwyn
                      1215  Gruffudd            1195  Gronwy
                      1250  Gwyn                1230  Gruffudd
                      1280  Pasgen              1260  Maredudd Benwyn
                      1310  Meurig               1290  Iorwerth
                                                      1325  Hywel
                      1340  Owain==============Gwen  1355
 
This family is cited in Montgomeryshire Collections, vol 8, pp 406; note that one more generation occurs in the family on the right, but Gwen is assumed to have been one-half generation after Owain.  But even a difference of 2 years in the average generational gap over a 300 year span can yield the effect shown.
 
The family on the left, down through Gruffudd of 1215, is the same one shown in the pedigree of Sir Gruffudd Fychan; the latter descended from another son of this Gruffudd.